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Danh sách 114 phần mềm chống virus giả mạo

Cập nhật ngày: 25/12/2009 - 10:54

Giả mạo phần mềm chống virus đã trở thành một vấn đề phát triển trong những năm gần đây. Các phần mềm độc hại lừa người sử dụng cài đặt và trả tiền cho phần mềm chống virus giả mạo mà không làm sạch máy tính, cũng không bảo vệ nó chống lại virus. Ngược lại, các phần mềm chống virus giả mạo này bản thân nó là các phần mềm độc hại, vô hiệu hoá các dịch vụ thiết yếu và các phần mềm chống virus hợp pháp, do đó làm cho máy tính dễ bị nhiễm virus thêm.
Ví dụ, một người lướt Internet nhận được một pop-up như thế này:

Vần đề sẽ nảy sinh khi người sử dụng vào tải phần mềm chống virus giả mạo. Sau khi cài đặt nó, chương trình "chống virus" sẽ bắt đầu quét virus và "phát hiện" một số virus và Trojan trong hệ thống.

Người sử dụng sẽ được khuyến cáo nên loại bỏ các mối nguy hiểm đã phát hiện, nhưng để làm như vậy họ sẽ phải mua các sản phẩm giả. Và người dùng sẽ không ngờ tới việc kết thúc quá trình này bằng việc trả tiền cho một mối đe dọa không được xác định.
Dưới đây là bảng danh sách những phần mềm giả mạo các bạn nên tránh:
1. Win32/FakeXPA – Tên gọi khác: Win-Trojan/Downloader.56320.M (AhnLab), Win32/Adware.XPAntivirus (ESET), not-a-virus:Downloader.Win32XpAntivirus.b (Kaspersky), FakeAlert-AB.dldr (McAfee), W32/DLoader.FKAI (Norman), Mal/Generic-A (Sophos), XPAntivirus (Sunbelt Software), Downloader.MisleadApp (Symantec), XP Antivirus (other), Antivirus 2009 (other), Antivirus 2010 (other), Antivirus 360 (other), Total Security (other), AntivirusBEST (other), GreenAV (other), Alpha Antivirus, other), AlphaAV (other), Cyber Security (other), Cyber Protection Center (other), Nortel (other), Eco AntiVirus (other), MaCatte (other), Antivirus (other), Antivir (other), Personal Security (other).
2. Trojan:Win32/FakePowav–Tên gọi khác: Win Antivirus 2008 (other), SpyShredder (other), WinXProtector (other), Rapid Antivirus (other), Security 2009 (other), Power Antivirus 2009 (other), WinXDefender (other), SpyProtector (other), SpyGuarder (other), MSAntiMalware (other).
3. Program:Win32/MalwareBurn
4. Program:Win32/UnSpyPc
 

5. Program:Win32/DriveCleaner – Tên gọi khác: DriveCleaner (McAfee), W32/WinFixer.NU (Norman), DriveCleaner (Sunbelt Software), DriveCleaner (Symantec), Freeloa.8F4CBEAA (Trend Micro).\

6. Trojan:Win32/DocrorTrojan

7. Program:Win32/Winfixer – Tên gọi khác: DriveCleaner (McAfee), W32/WinFixer.NU (Norman), DriveCleaner (Sunbelt Software), DriveCleaner (Symantec), Freeloa.8F4CBEAA (Trend Micro), Win32/Adware.WinFixer (ESET), not-a-virus:Downloader.Win32.WinFixer.o (Kaspersky), WinFixer (McAfee), Adware_Winfixer (Trend Micro), Program:Win32/DriveCleaner (other), Program:Win32/SecureExpertCleaner (other).

8. Trojan:Win32/FakeScanti – Tên gọi khác: Windows Antivirus Pro (other), Windows Police Pro (other), Win32/WindowsAntivirusPro.F (CA), FakeAlert-GA.dll (McAfee), Adware/WindowsAntivirusPro (Panda), Trojan.Fakeavalert (Symantec).

9. Program:Win32/Cleanator

10. Program:Win32/MalwareCrush

11. Program:Win32/PrivacyChampion
12. Program:Win32/SystemLiveProtect
13. Win32/Yektel
14. Trojan:Win32/FakeSmoke – Tên gọi khác: SystemCop (other), QuickHealCleaner (other), TrustWarrior (other); SaveArmor (other), SecureVeteran (other), SecuritySoldier (other), SafeFighter (other), TrustSoldier (other), TrustFighter (other), SoftCop (other), TRE AntiVirus (other), SoftBarrier (other), BlockKeeper (other), BlockScanner (other), BlockProtector (other), SystemFighter (other), SystemVeteran (other), SystemWarrior (other), AntiAID (other), Win32/WinBlueSoft.A (CA), Trojan-Downloader.Win32.FraudLoad.vtgpk (Kaspersky), WinBlueSoft (other), WiniBlueSoft (other), Winishield (other), SaveKeep (other), WiniFighter (other), TrustNinja (other), SaveDefense (other), BlockDefense (other), SaveSoldier (other), WiniShield (other), SafetyKeeper (other), SoftSafeness (other), SafeDefender (other), Trustcop (other), SecureWarrior (other), SecureFighter (other), SoftSoldier (other), SoftVeteran (other), SoftStronghold (other), ShieldSafeness (other).
15. Program:Win32/Spyguarder.A
16. Program:Win32/AntivirusGold
17. Program:Win32/SystemGuard2009
18. Program:Win32/WorldAntiSpy
19. Program:Win32/SpywareSecure – Tên gọi khác: W32/SpyAxe.AMI (Norman), SpywareSecure (Panda), SpywareSecure (Sunbelt Software), SpywareSecure (Symantec).
20. Program:Win32/IEDefender – Tên gọi khác: Win32/Burgspill.AD (CA), IEAntivirus (Symantec), Trojan.DR.FakeAlert.FJ (VirusBuster).
21. Program:Win32/MalWarrior
22. Program:Win32/Malwareprotector
23. Program:Win32/SpywareSoftStop

24. Program:Win32/AntiSpyZone
25. Program:Win32/Antivirus2008 – Tên gọi khác: Trojan.FakeAlert.RL (BitDefender), Win32/Adware.Antivirus2008 (ESET), not-a-virus:Downloader.Win32.FraudLoad.ar (Kaspersky), WinFixer (McAfee), W32/DLoader.HDZU (Norman), Troj/Dwnldr-HDG (Sophos), ADW_FAKEAV.O (Trend Micro), Program:Win32/VistaAntivirus2008.A (other), MS Antivirus (CA).
26. Trojan:Win32/PrivacyCenter – Tên gọi khác: Fake_AntiSpyware.BKN (AVG), Win32/FakeAV.ACR (CA), Win32/Adware.PrivacyComponents (ESET), not-a-virus:FraudTool.Win32.PrivacyCenter (other), not-a-virus:FraudTool.Win32.Agent.jn (Kaspersky), FakeAlert-CP (McAfee), Troj/PrvCnt-Gen (Sophos), SpywareGuard2008 (Symantec).
27. Program:Win32/SpyLocked
28. Program:Win32/Trojanguarder

29. Program:Win32/MyBetterPC
30. Program:Win32/NeoSpace
31. Win32/Winwebsec - Tên gọi khác: SystemSecurity2009 (other), System Security (other), Winweb Security (other), FakeAlert-WinwebSecurity.gen (McAfee), Mal/FakeAV-AK (Sophos), Troj/FakeVir-LB (Sophos), Adware/AntiSpywarePro2009 (Panda), Adware/UltimateCleaner (Panda), Adware/Xpantivirus2008 (Panda), Win32/Adware.SystemSecurity (ESET), Win32/Adware.WinWebSecurity (ESET), AntiVirus2008 (Symantec), SecurityRisk.Downldr (Symantec), W32/AntiVirus2008.AYO (Norman), Total Security (other), AntiSpyware Pro 2009 (other), FakeAlert-AntiSpywarePro (McAfee).
32. Trojan:Win32/FakeRemoc - Tên gọi khác: AntiMalwareSuite (other), VirusRemover2009 (other), PCAntiMalware (other), Total Virus Protection (other), SpywareRemover2009 (other), AntiMalwareGuard (other), Secure Expert Cleaner (other), Cleaner2009 Freeware (other), AVCare (other), AV Care (other).
33. Program:Win32/SpywareStormer
34. Program:Win32/SecurityiGuard
35. Program:Win32/DoctorCleaner
36. Program:Win32/UniGray
37. Win32/FakeSecSen – Tên gọi khác: Micro AV (other), MS Antivirus (other), Spyware Preventer (other), Vista Antivirus 2008 (other), Advanced Antivirus (other), System Antivirus (other), Ultimate Antivirus 2008 (other), Windows Antivirus 2008 (other), XPert Antivirus (other), Power Antivirus (other).
38. Program:Win32/VirusRemover – Tên gọi khác: Troj/FakeVir-DR (Sophos), VirusRemover2008 (Symantec), ADW_FAKEVIR (Trend Micro).
39. Program:Win32/Privacywarrior
40. Program:Win32/PrivacyProtector

41. Adware:Win32/SpyBlast
42. Trojan:Win32/FakeFreeAV
43. Win32/FakeRean - Tên gọi khác: XP AntiSpyware 2009 (other), XP Security Center (other), PC Antispyware 2010 (other), Home Antivirus 2010 (other), PC Security 2009 (other), ADW_WINREANIMA (Trend Micro), Win32/Adware.WinReanimator (ESET), not-a-virus:FraudTool.Win32.Reanimator (Kaspersky), WinReanimator (Sunbelt Software), XP Police Antivirus (other), FakeAlert-XPPoliceAntivirus (McAfee), Adware/XPPolice (Panda), AntiSpyware XP 2009 (other), Antivirus Pro 2010 (other).
44. Program:Win32/Antivirus2009 – Tên gọi khác: Win32/Adware.XPAntivirus (ESET), FakeAlert-AB.gen (McAfee), MalwareWarrior (other), Antivirus2009 (other).
45. Program:Win32/AntiSpywareDeluxe – Tên gọi khác: Adware.Fakealert-134 (Clam AV), Win32/Adware.AntiSpywareDeluxe (ESET), FraudTool.Win32.AntiSpywareDeluxe.a (Kaspersky), AntispyDeluxe (Symantec), TROJ_RENOS.CP (Trend Micro).
46. Program:Win32/Searchanddestroy
47. Program:Win32/AlfaCleaner
48. Program:Win32/WebSpyShield
49. Win32/InternetAntivirus – Tên gọi khác: InternetAntivirus (Symantec), General Antivirus (other), Personal Antivirus (other), not-a-virus:FraudTool:Win32.GeneralAntivirus.b (Kaspersky), Mal/FakeAV-AC (Sophos), TrojanDownloader:Win32/Renos.gen!Z (other), Fraudtool.GeneralAntivirus.C (VirusBuster), Internet Antivirus Pro (other).
50. Trojan:Win32/Antivirusxp – Tên gọi khác: Antivirus XP 2008 (other), Win32/Adware.WinFixer (ESET), Generic FakeAlert.a (McAfee), W32/WinFixer.BTB (Norman), Troj/FakeAV-AB (Sophos), AntiVirus2008 (Symantec), Program:Win32/Antivirusxp (other).
51. Program:Win32/ErrorGuard
52. Program:Win32/SpyCrush
53. Trojan:Win32/Fakeav
54. Program:Win32/Spyaway
55. Trojan:Win32/WinSpywareProtect – Tên gọi khác: Win32/Adware.WinSpywareProtect (ESET), Trojan-Downloader.Win32.FraudLoad.aob (Kaspersky), WinSpywareProtect (Symantec), Program:Win32/WinSpywareProtect (other), Trojan.FakeAV.GP (BitDefender), Win32/Adware.MSAntispyware2009 (ESET), Packed.Win32.Katusha.a (Kaspersky), FaleAlert-BV (McAfee), Adware/MSAntiSpyware2009 (Panda), Fraudtool.MSAntispy2009.A (VirusBuster), MS Antispyware 2009 (other), AV Antispyware (other), Extra Antivirus (other).
56. Program:Win32/Fakerednefed – Tên gọi khác: WinDefender 2008 (other), Program:Win32/Defendwin (other), Program:Win32/Windefender (other).
57. Program:Win32/Antispyware2008
58. Program:Win32/EZCatch
59. Program:Win32/EvidenceEraser
60. Program:Win32/Vaccine2008
61. Win32/FakeSpypro – Tên gọi khác: FakeAlert-C.dr (McAfee), SpywareProtect2009 (Symantec), Troj/FakeAV-LS (Sophos), Win32/Adware.SpywareProtect2009 (ESET), .Win32.FraudPack.kho (Kaspersky), Spyware Protect 2009 (other), Antivirus System Pro (other), Security Central (other), Barracuda Antivirus (other).
62. Trojan:Win32/FakeCog – Tên gọi khác: Win32/Adware.CoreguardAntivirus (ESET), not-a-virus:FraudTool.Win32.CoreGuard2009 (Kaspersky), FakeAlert-FQ (McAfee) , W32/Renos.FIP (Norman) , Mal/TDSSPack-L (Sophos), CoreGuardAntivirus2009 (Symantec), Fraudtool.CoreGuard2009.A (VirusBuster), CoreGuard Antivirus 2009 (other).
63. Program:Win32/AntiVirGear
64. Adware:Win32/VaccineProgram
65. Program:Win32/TrustCleaner
66. Program:Win32/SearchSpy
67. Program:Win32/AntiSpywareExpert – Tên gọi khác: Win32/Adware.AntiSpywareMaster (ESET), Generic.Win32.Malware.AntiSpywareExpert (other), WinFixer (McAfee), AVSystemCare (Symantec), AntiSpywareExpert (Trend Micro), not-a-virus:FraudTool.Win32.AntiSpywareExpert.a (Kaspersky).
68. Program:Win32/VirusRanger – Tên gọi khác: VirusRescue (Symantec).
69. Program:Win32/SpyDawn
70. Program:Win32/UltimateFixer
71. Program:Win32/WinHound
72. Program:Win32/Spyshield
73. Program:Win32/SpySheriff – Tên gọi khác: Win32.TrojanDownloader.IEDefender (Ad-Aware), MagicAntiSpy (Sunbelt Software), Adware.SpySheriff (Symantec), SpyShredder (Symantec), IEDefender (other), Malware Destructor (other), SpySheriff (other), SpyShredder (other).
74. Program:Win32/Antispycheck – Tên gọi khác: Win32/Adware.AntiSpyCheck (ESET), AntiSpyCheck (Symantec).
75. Program:Win32/SpywareIsolator – Tên gọi khác: not-a-virus:FraudTool.Win32.SpywareIsolator.ad (Kaspersky), SpywareIsolator (Symantec).
76. Program:Win32/SpyFalcon
77. Program:Win32/PrivacyRedeemer
78. Trojan:Java/VirusConst
79. Trojan:Win32/FakeVimes
– Tên gọi khác: FakeAlert-CQ (McAfee), Extra Antivirus (other), Ultra Antivirus 2009 (other), Malware Catcher 2009 (other), Virus Melt (other), Windows PC Defender (other).
80. Program:Win32/PCSave – Tên gọi khác: Win-Trojan/Pcsave.339456 (AhnLab), PCSave (McAfee).
81. Program:Win32/PSGuard
82. Program:Win32/SpywareStrike
83. Program:Win32/Nothingvirus
84. Trojan:Win32/AVClean

85. Trojan:Win32/FakeIA.C - Tên gọi khác: Win32/FakeAlert.RW (CA), Dropped:Trojan.FakeAv.DS (BitDefender), FakeAlert-AB (McAfee), Trojan.Fakeavalert (Symantec), not-a-virus:FraudTool.Win32.Delf.d (Kaspersky).
86. Program:Win32/AntispyStorm
87. Program:Win32/Antivirustrojan
88. Program:Win32/XDef
89. Program:Win32/AntiSpywareSoldier
90. Program:Win32/AdsAlert
91. Program:Win32/AdvancedCleaner –
Tên gọi khác: AdvancedCleaner (Symantec).

92. Program:Win32/FakePccleaner - Tên gọi khác: Program:Win32/Pccleaner (other), Win32/Adwrae.PCClean (ESET), Backdoor.Win32.UltimateDefender.hu (Kaspersky), PCClean (Symantec), Program:Win32/UltimateCleaner (other).
93. Program:Win32/SpywareQuake
94. Program:Win32/WareOut – Aliases: WareOut (McAfee), W32/WareOut (Norman), WareOut (Sunbelt Software), SecurityRisk.Downldr (Symantec), Adware.Wareout (AVG).
95. Program:Win32/Kazaap
96. Program:Win32/SystemDefender

97. Trojan:Win32/FakeSpyguard – Tên gọi khác: Spyware Guard 2008 (other), Win32/Adware.SpywareGuard (ESET), FakeAlert-BM (McAfee), SpywareGuard2008 (Symantec), ADW_SPYWGUARD (Trend Micro), System Guard 2009 (other), Malware Defender 2009 (other).
98. Program:Win32/SpyHeal
99. Program:Win32/VirusBurst
100. Program:Win32/VirusRescue
101. Program:Win32/TitanShield
102. Program:Win32/Easyspywarecleaner

103. Trojan:Win32/Fakeinit – Tên gọi khác: Trojan.FakeAlert.AUW (BitDefender), Win32/FakeAV.ABR (CA), Fraudtool.XPAntivirus.BCVY (VirusBuster), Adware/AntivirusXPPro (Panda), AntiVirus2008 (Symantec), Advanced Virus Remover (other), Win32/AdvancedVirusRemover.G (CA).
104. Program:Win32/AntiVirusPro
105. Program:Win32/CodeClean
106. Trojan:Win32/Spybouncer
107. Program:Win32/MalwareWar
108. Program:Win32/VirusHeat

109. Adware:Win32/SpyAxe –Tên gọi khác: VirusHeat (other), ControVirus (other).
110. Program:Win32/Awola – Tên gọi khác: not-virus:Hoax.Win32.Avola.a (Kaspersky), Generic FakeAlert.b (McAfee), W32/Awola.A (Norman), Awola (Symantec), JOKE_AVOLA.D (Trend Micro).
111. Program:Win32/MyNetProtector
112. Program:Win32/FakeWSC
113. Program:Win32/DoctorAntivirus

114. Program:Win32/UltimateDefender – Tên gọi khác: Ultimate (McAfee), UltimateDefender (Symantec), ADW_ULTIMATED.ME (Trend Micro), Risktool.UltimateDefender.A.Gen (VirusBuster), Adware.UltimateX-15 (Clam AV), Win32/Adware.UltimateDefender (ESET).

Đ.T (st)